The New Urban Sociology


Mark Gottdiener, Ray Hutchison, Michael T. Ryan

Fifth Edition • November 18, 2014 • 456 pages


Print ISBN: 9780813349565 • $49.00 USD$63.50 CAN

Ebook ISBN: 9780813349572 • $33.99 USD$33.99 CAN

Courses: , , , ,

More by these authors: , ,

Order an Exam or Desk Copy


Widely recognized as a groundbreaking text, The New Urban Sociology is a broad and expert introduction to urban sociology that is both relevant and accessible to the student. A thought leader in the field, the book is organized around an integrated paradigm—the sociospatial perspective—which considers the role played by social factors such as race, class, gender, lifestyle, economics, culture, and politics on the development of metropolitan areas. Emphasizing the importance of space to social life and real estate to urban development, the book integrates social, ecological and political economy perspectives and research through a fresh theoretical approach. With its unique perspective, concise history of urban life, clear summary of urban social theory, and attention to the impact of culture on urban development, this book gives students a cohesive conceptual framework for understanding cities and urban life.In this thoroughly revised 5th edition, authors Mark Gottdiener, Ray Hutchison, and Michael T. Ryan offer expanded discussions of created cultures, gentrification, and urban tourism, and have incorporated the most recent work in the field throughout the text. The New Urban Sociology is a necessity for all courses on the subject.

Mark Gottdiener is professor of sociology at SUNY-Buffalo and the author of numerous books, including The Theming of America; Las Vegas: The Social Production of an All-American City; New Forms of Consumption: Consumer, Culture, and Commodification; Postmodern Semiotics; and The Social Production of Urban Space. He is the 2010 recipient of the Robert and Helen Lynd Award for Distinguished Career Achievement from the American Sociological Association.

Ray Hutchison is professor of sociology in the Department of Public and Environmental Affairs at the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay and Santander Chair of Humanities and Social Sciences at the New University of Lisbon. He is series editor of Research in Urban Sociology and senior editor of the forthcoming three-volume Encyclopedia of Urban Studies.

Michael T. Ryan is a retired Professor of Sociology and is currently practicing the right to be lazy. He has five entries in Blackwell’s Encyclopedia of Sociology, four entries in Blackwell’s The Concise Encyclopedia of Sociology, and one entry each in Sage’s Encyclopedia of Urban Studies and Blackwell’s Encyclopedia of Consumption and Consumer Studies.

Preface to the Fifth Edition

1 THE NEW URBAN SOCIOLOGY
Urban Regions
Defining the Metropolitan Region
Megacities around the world
A New Approach to Urban Sociology
Global Capitalism and the Metropolis
Structural Factors in Urban Development
The Importance of Culture in Metropolitan Life
The Sociospatial Approach
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

2 THE ORIGINS OF URBAN LIFE
Ancient Urbanization
Classical Cities
Urbanization after AD 1000
The Medieval Order and the Renaissance City
Capitalism and the Rise of the Industrial City
Summary
Key Concepts
Important Names
Discussion Questions

3 THE RISE OF URBAN SOCIOLOGY
Georg Simmel on the City
Louis Wirth and Urbanism as a Way of Life
The Chicago School of Urban Sociology
From Human Ecology to Urban Ecology
Summary
Key Concepts
Important Names
Discussion Questions

4 CONTEMPORARY URBAN SOCIOLOGY
Political Economy and the City: Classic Approaches
The Revival of Urban Political Economy: Henri Lefebvre
Class Conflict Theories: Gordon, Storper and Walker
Capital Accumulation Theory
Approaches by Urban Sociologists: The Growth Machine vs. The Sociospatial Perspective
Real Estate and Government Intervention
Semiotics and Urban Culture
The Global Economy
Summary: The Sociospatial Perspective
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

5 URBANIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES
The Stages of Urban Growth
The Colonial Period: 1630 to 1812
The Era of Industrial Expansion: 1812 to 1920
The Rise of the Metropolis: 1920 -60
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

6 SUBURBANIZATION, GLOBALIZATION AND THE EMERGENCE OF THE MULTI- CENTERED REGION
Deindustrialization and Globalization: Processes That Have Changed Both Cities and Suburbs Since the 1960s
Globalization and Uneven Development
How De-industrialization and Globalization affected suburbs
Beyond Suburbia: The Emergence of the Multinucleated Region
Recent Trends in Metropolitan Regions
The Shift to the Sun Belt
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

7 PEOPLE AND LIFESTYLES IN THE METROPOLIS: URBAN AND SUBURBAN CULTURE
Class Differences and Spatial Location
Women, Gender Roles, and Space
Gay and Lesbian Communities and Urban Life
The City as a Special Place: Nightlife , Urban Culture, and Regeneration of Downtowns
Urban Culture and City Revitalization
Ethnicity and Immigration
Ethnic and Cultural Diversity Across the Metropolis
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

8 NEIGHBORHOODS AND COMMUNITIES
The Search for Community
The Social Survey
The Community Study
Network Analysis: Does Location Matter?
Mental Maps and Semiotics in Urban Space
Behavior in Public Space
Neighborhood and Community
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

9 METROPOLITAN PROBLEMS—Racism, Poverty, Crime, and Housing
The Sociospatial Approach to Social Problems
Racism and Poverty
Increasing Income Inequality, Unemployment and Poverty
The Housing Crisis and the Failure of Society to Provide Adequate Affordable Housing
Homelessness
Crime
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

10 URBANIZATION IN DEVELOPED NATIONS
Western Europe
Eastern Europe
Japan
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

11 URBANIZATION IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
Changing Perspectives on Urbanization
The Demographic Transition
Primate City Development Patterns
Shantytown Development
The Informal Economy and Coping Strategies
Urban Social Movements and Politics
Patterns of Urbanization
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

12 METROPOLITAN PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Sprawl
A Short History of Metropolitan Planning
The Sociology of Land-Use Planning
Utopian Schemes: Howard, Le Corbusier and Wright
Planning Critics: Jacobs and Krier
Other Trends in Planning Today
Environmental Issues
Summary
Key Concepts
Important Names
Discussion Questions

13 METROPOLITAN SOCIAL POLICY
The Tragedy of the Commons
Urban Policy: The Political Debate
Uneven Development and Urban Policy
Urban Policy
Privatism and Issues of Social Justice
The Crisis of Local and State Government
Regional Governance
Summary
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

14 THE FUTURE OF URBAN SOCIOLOGY
Understanding Our New Urban World
Urban Structure and Urban Culture
The Future of the City
The Future of the Urban Inquiry
Key Concepts
Discussion Questions

“The New Urban Sociology shows students that there are different ways of understanding cities, such as the structural conditions and larger forces behind how urban problems and inequalities arise. Most texts on urban sociology provide definitions on the basic vocabulary that scholars of cities use, a potted history of the field, and examples of research in chapters themed on key topics in the discipline. The New Urban Sociology goes beyond this standard to put forth a novel ‘sociospatial’ approach to understanding cities and metropolitan regions. Drawing from a broad array of research on cities from around the world, they offer a clear, space-based perspective and hold it up against several other urban theories in an engaging manner that will bring students into the conversation of city growth and life from the outset.”

—Richard E. Ocejo, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY

“An indispensable textbook for an urban sociology course with students from multiple disciplines. Exemplary in its combination of accessibility, coverage, and theoretical sophistication, The New Urban Sociology conveys rather complex notions at the intersection of economics, politics, and culture with admirable lucidity.”

—Gabriel Santos, Lynchburg College

“A good starting point for students… it presents key urban concepts in a way that is accessible without ‘dumbing down’ the material.”

—Amy Donley, University of Central Florida

“An overall great read…”

—Antwan Jones, The George Washington University

Praise for previous editions:

“This edition of Gottdiener’s and Hutchison’s The New Urban Sociology reviews recent developments in urban and metropolitan development, and examines changes in the social, political and cultural dimensions of cities through a sociospatial lens. It will be of interest to sociologists but also to students in urban studies, public health, social welfare and public policy.”

—Nicholas Freudenberg, Distinguished Professor of Urban Public Health, Hunter College/City University of New York

“The New Urban Sociology offers a very well balanced overview of historical and contemporary research in the entire field and appropriately situates the multinucleated metropolitan region and its multifaceted culture in the increasingly globalized urban world.”

—Min Zhou, Professor of Sociology and Founding Chair of the Department of Asian American Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles

“The New Urban Sociology is the ideal book to include in an upper level undergraduate or graduate level urban studies or history course, or any course requiring a good foundation in the study of cities. It is intelligently written, offers a sweeping overview of the history of cities (with an especially expansive section on the United States), and is accompanied by tables and figures that are nicely designed, integrate well conceptually, and add much to the narrative. Furthermore, it has one of the most accessible summaries of urban social theory that I have found, making the concepts of Harvey, Lefebvre, Castells, Scott, and others intelligible to students so that they can move on to the more difficult original texts if they so desire. Finally—and highly unusual in most textbooks—The New Urban Sociology integrates abundant citations of the sociological and historical literature into its analytical discussion, a feature that, accompanied by the ending Bibliography, makes the book a valuable research source that students are likely to turn to for many years.”

—Wendy Plotkin, H-Urban Editor, Arizona State University

“Gottdiener and Hutchison’s outstanding textbook represents a broad, accessible and expert introduction to one of the most exciting research fields in the contemporary social sciences. It is lucidly written, coherently organized and impressively wide-ranging in its coverage of the most essential issues in the vast, interdisciplinary field of urban studies. The book contains a brilliant synthesis of the major approaches to urban theory, a valuable overview of the global history of capitalist urbanization and a wide-ranging analysis of diverse aspects of contemporary urban transformations, both in North America and beyond. In so doing, the authors effectively demonstrate how the new urban sociology can illuminate the key economic, social, political, cultural and environmental dynamics that underpin the production of urban space, as well as various social crises, political struggles and policy dilemmas that are rippling through major cities around the world. I would enthusiastically recommend this book to anyone concerned to understand the contemporary metropolitan condition.”

—Neil Brenner, Associate Professor of Sociology and Metropolitan Studies, New York University

If you are a professor or course instructor, please use the following form to give us feedback on The New Urban Sociology: