The Middle East and the United States

History, Politics, and Ideologies, UPDATED 2013 EDITION

David W. Lesch, Mark L. Haas

Fifth Edition • August 6, 2013 • 576 pages

Print ISBN: 9780813349145 • $58.00 USD$63.99 CAN

Ebook ISBN: 9780813349152 • $39.99 USD$51.99 CAN

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The 2013 updated fifth edition of the acclaimed The Middle East and the United States brings together scholars and diplomats from the Middle East, Europe, and North America to provide an objective, cross-cultural assessment of US policy toward the Middle East. Regional experts David W. Lesch and Mark L. Haas include a new chapter dedicated to the events of the Arab Spring and its aftermath, looking with a special eye to the impact on US interactions with the region.

The text also features five new chapters discussing the superpowers and the Middle East throughout the Cold War; the Bush and Obama administrations and the Arab-Israeli conflict; contemporary US-Syrian relations; the importance of ideology to US-Iranian relations under the last three administrations; and US relations with al-Qa’ida.

Carefully edited and reorganized to place a greater emphasis on current events, The Middle East and the United States provides comprehensive and authoritative coverage of US foreign policy and Middle East political history from the first World War through the Arab Spring and beyond.

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David W. Lesch is Ewing Halsell Distinguished Professor of History at Trinity University. Dr. Lesch is the author or editor of twelve books, including Syria: The Fall of the House of Assad, The Arab-Israeli Conflict: A History, 1979: The Year that Shaped the Modern Middle East, and The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East with coeditor Mark L. Haas.

Mark L. Haas is professor in the Political Science Department and the Graduate Center for Social and Public Policy at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh. He has written numerous articles and is the author or editor of four books, including The Clash of Ideologies: Middle Eastern Politics and American Security; The Ideological Origins of Great Power Politics, 1789-1989; and The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East with coeditor David W. Lesch.

Introduction, David W. Lesch and Mark L. Haas

Part One: From Idealism to Realism: Wilsonian Intent to Cold War Practice
1. The Ironic Legacy of the King-Crane Commission, James Gelvin
2. The “Ambassador for the Arabs”: The Locke Mission and the Unmaking of U.S. Development Diplomacy in the Near East, 1952–1953, Paul W.T. Kingston
3. U.S. Foreign Policy Toward Iran During the Mussadiq Era, Mark Gasiorowski
4. The Mussadiq Era in Iran, 1951–1953: A Contemporary Diplomat’s View, Sir Sam Falle
5. National Security Concerns in U.S. Policy Toward Egypt, 1949–1956, Peter Hahn
6. The Perils of Ambiguity: The United States and the Baghdad Pact, Elie Podeh
7. The 1957 American-Syrian Crisis: Globalist Policy in a Regional Reality, David W. Lesch
8. The United States and Nasserist Pan-Arabism, Malik Mufti
9. The Soviet Perception of the U.S. Threat, Georgiy Mirsky
10. The Superpowers and the Middle East throughout the Cold War, Rashid Khalidi

Part Two: Arab-Israeli War and Peace
11. The 1967 Arab-Israeli War: U.S. Actions and Arab Perceptions, Fawaz A. Gerges
12. Flawed Strategies and Missed Signals: Crisis Bargaining Between the Superpowers, October 1973, Janice Gross Stein
13. The United States and Israel: The Nature of a Special Relationship, Bernard Reich and Shannon Powers
14. From Madrid and Oslo to Camp David: The United States and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1991–2001, Jeremy Pressman
15. George W. Bush, Barak Obama, and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Robert O. Freedman
16. Flight or Talk: Syrian-U.S. Relations Since 2000, David W. Lesch

Part Three: Allies and Enemies in the Gulf and Beyond17. Americans and the Muslim World—First Encounters, Robert J. Allison
18. The United States in the Persian Gulf: From Twin Pillars to Dual Containment, Gary Sick
19. From “Over the Horizon” to “Into the Backyard”: The U.S.-Saudi Relationship and the Gulf War, F. Gregory Gause III
20. The Iraq War of 2003: Why Did the United States Decide to Invade?, Steve A. Yetiv
21. What Went Wrong in Iraq?, Ali R.Abootalebi
22. The Push and Pull of Strategic Cooperation: The U.S. Relationship with Turkey in the Middle East, Henri J. Barkey
23. The United States and Afghanistan: From Marginality to Global Concern, Marvin Weinbaum
24. Ideology and the U.S.-Iranian Relationship, Mark L. Haas
25. Is it Time for the United States to Give Up on Arab Liberals?, Jon Alterman
26. Islamist Perceptions of U.S. Policy in the Middle East, Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad
27. U.S. Relations with Al Qaida, Heather Gregg
28. New U.S. Policies for a New Middle East? William B. Quandt

Impact of the Arab Spring and Subsequent Events on US Policy

“David Lesch and Mark Haas have crafted an excellent overview of the evolution of US policy in the Middle East, the reasoning behind it, and the impact of it on the region today. . . Excellent editing ensures that each chapter is both concise and accessible and all could be read on their own merit. . . This book is the ideal entry point for interested observers and students of international relations.” —International Journal on World Peace

“This book is indispensible for scholars and policymakers interested in understanding America’s past and current involvement in the Middle East. The essays are authoritative, compelling, and engaging. Collectively, they represent some of the smartest analysis on how the United States and the Middle East got where they are today.” —Toby C. Jones, Rutgers University

“An indispensible resource for understanding contemporary US policies in the region. . . . This volume remains an authoritative resource for practitioners and academics, for students in courses in US foreign policy or Middle Eastern history, and for the general reading public. Highly recommended.” —Choice

Reviews from the prior edition:
“This book, the best single work dealing with the relationship between the United States and the Middle East, has been updated to include new chapters on Turkey and Afghanistan, and new material that addresses important aspects of this fraught relationship, notably the Arab-Israeli conflict and the successive crises in the Gulf. With these additions, it remains a timely and useful work.” —Rashid Khalidi, Director, Center for International Studies, University of Chicago

“David Lesch is to be commended for bringing about an important contribution to the literature on United States foreign policy in the Middle East. This book belongs in every university library, and it will serve as an outstanding secondary reader for classes on United States foreign policy.” —Digest of Middle East Studies

“This volume makes a solid contribution to understanding the successes and mistakes [of the United States] in this critical region. Invaluable for courses on Middle East history, politics, and international relations.” —Choice

“An excellent survey of the region and a welcomed addition as a reader on courses in U.S. foreign policy or Middle Eastern history.” —Journal of Third World Studies

“A welcome collection.” —Foreign Affairs

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