Social Theory

The Multicultural, Global, and Classic Readings


Edited by Charles Lemert

Sixth Edition • July 12, 2016 • 568 pages


Print ISBN: 9780813350028 • $68.00 USD$88.50 CAN

Ebook ISBN: 9780813350448 • $39.99 USD$39.99 CAN

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“A rich, highly textured, historically sweeping, and strikingly inclusive collection” —Jeffrey Alexander, Yale University

For nearly a quarter-century, Charles Lemert has shared his love of social theory, and the questions it explores, in this collection of readings. With 140 selections that begin in the nineteenth century and end in 2015, Social Theory charts the long arc of the development of the field. This edition retains classic texts by Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and W.E.B. Du Bois and writings of major contemporary figures like Audre Lorde and Patricia Hill Collins, while adding pieces from Harriet Martineau, Friedrich Nietzsche, Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, Thomas Piketty, and Ta-Nehisi Coates, among others. Revised and updated with a new section exploring social theory at the limits of the social, Lemert’s Social Theory remains essential reading.


Charles Lemert is University Professor and Andrus Professor of Social Theory Emeritus at Wesleyan University and Senior Fellow of the Center for Comparative Research at Yale University. He is the author and editor of many books, most recently Globalization: An Introduction to the End of the Known World.

Preface/2016 Edition
Acknowledgments

INTRODUCTION
Social Theory: Its Uses and Pleasures

Charles Lemert

PART ONE
Modernity’s Classical Age: 1848–1919

Charles Lemert

The Two Sides of Society
Karl Marx
Estranged Labour
Camera Obscura
The Manifesto of Class Struggle, with Friedrich Engels
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte
Capital and the Values of Commodities
Capital and the Fetishism of Commodities
Labour-Power and Capital
Friedrich Engels
The Patriarchal Family
John Stuart Mill
Of Society and the Individual
Jane Addams
The Settlement as a Factor in the Labor Movement
Harriet Martineau
Woman
Emile Durkheim
Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
Anomie and the Modern Division of Labor
Sociology and Social Facts
Suicide and Modernity
Primitive Classifications and Social Knowledge, with Marcel Mauss
The Cultural Logic of Collective Representations
Friedrich Nietzsche
Peoples and Countries
Max Weber
The Spirit of Capitalism and the Iron Cage
The Bureaucratic Machine
What Is Politics?
The Types of Legitimate Domination
Class, Status, Party
Sigmund Freud
The Psychical Apparatus and the Theory of Instincts
Dream-Work and Interpretation
Oedipus, the Child
Remembering, Repeating, and Working-Through
The Return of the Repressed in Social Life
Civilization and the Individual
Ferdinand de Saussure
Arbitrary Social Values and the Linguistic Sign
John Dewey
Democracy and Education
Split Lives in the Modern World
William James
The Self and Its Selves
William Edward Burghardt (W. E. B.) Du Bois
Double-Consciousness and the Veil
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
The Yellow Wallpaper
Women and Economics
Anna Julia Cooper
The Colored Woman’s Office
Georg Simmel
The Stranger
Charles Horton Cooley
The Looking-Glass Self

PART TWO
Social Theories and World Conflict: 1919–1945

Charles Lemert

Action and Knowledge in a Troubled World
John Maynard Keynes
The Psychology of Modern Society
Talcott Parsons
The Unit Act of Action Systems
Erich Fromm
Psychoanalysis and Sociology
Georg Lukács
The Irrational Chasm Between Subject and Object
George Herbert Mead
The Self, the I, and the Me
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (V. I.) Lenin
What Is To Be Done?
Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno
The Culture Industry as Deception
Martin Heidegger
The Question Concerning Technology: The Age of the World Picture
Karl Mannheim
The Sociology of Knowledge and Ideology
Robert K. Merton
Social Structure and Anomie
W. E. B. Du Bois
Black Reconstruction and the Racial Wage
Unavoidable Dilemmas
Reinhold Niebuhr
Moral Man and Immoral Society
Gunnar Myrdal
The Negro Problem as a Moral Issue
William I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki
Disorganization of the Polish Immigrant
Louis Wirth
The Significance of the Jewish Ghetto
Walter Benjamin
Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction: War and Fascism
Virginia Woolf
A Room of One’s Own
Antonio Gramsci
Intellectuals and Hegemony
Mao Tse-tung
Identity, Struggle, Contradiction

PART THREE
The Golden Moment: 1945–1963

Charles Lemert

The Golden Age
Winston Churchill
The Cold War
Daniel Bell
The End of Ideology in the West
W. W. Rostow
Modernization: Stages of Growth
Talcott Parsons
Action Systems and Social Systems
Sex Roles in the American Kinship System
Robert K. Merton
Manifest and Latent Functions
Claude Lévi-Strauss
The Structural Study of Myth
Roland Barthes
Semiological Prospects
Louis Althusser
Ideology and the Ideological State Apparatuses
Doubts and Reservations
David Riesman
Character and Society: The Other-Directed Personality
Erik H. Erikson
Youth and American Identity
Edwin M. Lemert
Social Pathology / Societal Reaction Theory
Erving Goffman
Presentation of Self
Jacques Lacan
The Mirror Stage
Others Object
Simone de Beauvoir
Woman as Other
Aimé Césaire
Between Colonizer and Colonized
Martin Luther King, Jr.
The Power of Nonviolent Action
C. Wright Mills
The Sociological Imagination
Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale
Black Panther Party: What We Want
Betty Friedan
The Problem That Has No Name
Frantz Fanon
Decolonizing, National Culture, and the Negro Intellectual

PART FOUR
Will the Center Hold? 1963–1979

Charles Lemert

Experiments at Renewal and Reconstruction
Clifford J. Geertz
Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture
Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann
Society as a Human Product
Dorothy Smith
Knowing a Society from Within: A Woman’s Standpoint
Immanuel Wallerstein
The Modern World-System
Theda Skocpol
The State as a Janus-Faced Structure
Nancy Chodorow
Gender Personality and the Reproduction of Mothering
Breaking with Modernity
Jacques Derrida
The Decentering Event in Social Thought
Michel Foucault
Biopolitics and the Carceral Society
C. L. R. James
World Revolution: 1968
Herbert Marcuse
Repressive Desublimation of One-Dimensional Man
Harold Garfinkel
Reflexive Properties of Practical Sociology
Alvin W. Gouldner
The New Class as a Cultural Bourgeoisie
Pierre Bourdieu
Structures, Habitus, Practices
Audre Lorde
The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House

PART FIVE
After Modernity: 1979–2001

Charles Lemert

The Idea of the Postmodern and Its Critics
Jean-François Lyotard
The Postmodern Condition
Richard Rorty
Private Irony and Liberal Hope
Michel Foucault
Power as Knowledge
Jean Baudrillard
Simulacra and Simulations: Disneyland
Arlene Stein and Ken Plummer
I Can’t Even Think Straight
Reactions and Alternatives
Jürgen Habermas
Critical Theory, the Colonized Lifeworld, and Communicative Competence
Anthony Giddens
Post-Modernity or Radicalized Modernity?
Nancy Hartsock
A Theory of Power for Women?
Randall Collins
Interaction Ritual Chains
Mustafa Emirbayer and Ann Mische
What Is Agency?
New Cultural Theories after Modernity
Cornel West
The New Cultural Politics of Difference
Jeffrey C. Alexander
Cultural Codes and Democratic Communication
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
“Race” as the Trope of the World
Donna Haraway
The Cyborg Manifesto and Fractured Identities
Trinh T. Minh-ha
Infinite Layers/Third World?
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak
Can the Subaltern Speak?
Patricia Hill Collins
Black Feminist Thought in the Matrix of Domination
Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw
Dimensions of Intersectional Oppression
Gloria Anzaldúa
The New Mestiza
Judith Butler
Imitation and Gender Insubordination
Paula Gunn Allen
Who Is Your Mother? Red Roots of White Feminism
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
Epistemology of the Closet

PART SIX
Global Realities in an Uncertain Future

Charles Lemert

Global Uncertainties
Immanuel Wallerstein
The Modern World-System in Crisis
Stanley Hoffman
The Clash of Globalizations
Zygmunt Bauman
Liquid Modernity
David Harvey
Neoliberalism on Trial
Manuel Castells
Informationalism and Networks
Saskia Sassen
Toward a Feminist Analytics of the Global Economy
Amartya Sen
Asian Values and the West’s Claims to Uniqueness
Ulrich Beck
World Risk Society
Achille Mbembe
Necropower and the Late Modern Colonial Occupation
Rethinking the Past that Haunts the Future
Avery Gordon
Ghostly Matters
Edward Said
Intellectual Exile: Expatriates and Marginals
William Julius Wilson
Global Economic Changes and the Limits of the Race Relations Vision
Elijah Anderson
The “Nigger Moment” in the Cosmopolitan Canopy
Waverly Duck
Benita’s Story: Coping with Poverty
Charles Tilly
Future Social Science and the Invisible Elbow
Julia Kristeva
Women’s Time
Raewyn Connell
Southern Theory: Gender and Violence
Slavoj Žižek
Cynicism as a Form of Ideology
Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari
The Rhizome/A Thousand Plateaus
Giorgio Agamben
Sovereign Power and Bare Life
Social Theory at the Limits of the Social
Bruno Latour
Spheres and Networks: The Spaces of Material Life
Thomas Piketty
The Central Contradictions of Capitalism: r > g
Owen Fiss
The Perils of Constitutional Minimalism
Oliver Sacks
Urge
Ta-Nehisi Coates
Prison and Gray Wastes
Eula Biss
White Debt
Marilynne Robinson
Fear
Robert Pogue Harrison
The Dominion of the Dead

Name Index

Praise for Prior Editions
“A rich, highly textured, historically sweeping, and strikingly inclusive collection” —Jeffrey Alexander, Yale University

“Powerful and provocative … Social Theory is an essential guide through the complex contours of multicultural ideology and theory from the nineteenth century to the present.” —Manning Marable, Pulitzer Prize Winner for Malcolm X

“This collections presents a provocative wide-angle view of the history of social theory … Well-chosen selections from the new social movements as well as the classics and recent mainstream make this a fine introduction for courses in the social sciences.” —Sandra Harding, UCLA

“Lemert gives shape to a sociological imagination for the twenty-first century. This is necessary reading for us all.” —Patricia Clough, Queens College and CUNY Graduate Center

“Lemert has given ample space to those who are at the margins of or fall completely outside of what most consider social theory … and [who] contribute to a diverse, broad, multilevel, and, in places, deep treatment of social theory and its evolution. … Late modern and postmodern theorists are well represented, and the focuses on race, gender, and globalization make this text useful for courses far beyond the standard undergraduate one in sociological theory. This book would also be well suited to more focused courses on modernity and postmodernity or even in a cultural studies curriculum. … Excellent.” —Stephen Lippmann, Teaching Sociology

“Lemert provides an illuminating introduction to the collection and introductions to each section that provide an overview of the socio-historical context and delineation of key thinkers and texts in each period. Combining important classical and contemporary material, Lemert’s collection enables the student and reader to trace out the origins of the modern world to our present global and conflicted condition.” —Douglas Kellner, University of California, Los Angeles

“With an equally sure grasp of the classics of the past and the probable classics of the future, Charles Lemert has assembled a remarkable array of stimulating readings in social theory. The result is a well-stocked tool kit for the canon wars of the twenty-first century.” —Martin Jay, University of California at Berkeley

“Charles Lemert captures the surfacing of multiple theoretical voices in the postmodern era. No theory course should be without Social Theory.” —Steve Seidman, State University of New York at Albany

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