Keen’s Latin American Civilization

A Primary Source Reader, Volume Two: The Modern Era

Robert M. Buffington, Lila Caimari

Tenth Edition • July 28, 2015 • 387 pages

Print ISBN: 9780813348919 • $42.00 USD$59.99 CAN

Ebook ISBN: 9780813348926 • $25.99 USD$25.99 CAN

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The tenth edition of Keen’s Latin American Civilization inaugurates a new era in the history of this classic anthology by dividing it into two volumes. This second volume retains most of the modern period sources from the ninth edition but with some significant additions including nine new readings on popular culture, ideologies of modernization, revolution and dictatorship, as well as new sources that reflect the latest events and trends. The 84 excerpts in Volume Two provide foundational and often riveting first-hand accounts of life in modern Latin America. Concise introductions for chapters and excerpts provide essential context for understanding the primary sources.


Robert M. Buffington is a professor in the Women and Gender Studies Program at the University of Colorado Boulder.

Lila Caimari is a researcher at CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas) in Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Part One: Independence and Its Aftermath
1 The Struggle for Independence
1 The Forging of a Rebel
2 A Question of Leadership
3 Man of Destiny
4 The Romance of Independence
5 Liberal Revolution in Mexico
6 The Plan of Iguala
7 A Letter to Dom Pedro
8 Memories of Independence: The Sins of the Father
9 Memories of Independence: The Self-Effacing Leader

2 Searching for a New Road
1 The Fatal Legacy
2 In Defense of Spain
3 Bolívar’s Ideal Republic
4 The Age of Violence
5 Civilization and Barbarism: Facundo Quiroga
6 Civilization and Barbarism: The Dangerous Classes
7 Mexico City Under Santa Anna
8 Dom Pedro II: A Political Portrait

Part Two: Constructing the Nation-State
3 Real and Imagined Communities
1 Roads to the Future
2 The Guano Boom
3 Liberal Family Values
4 A Mexican Radical
5 Flora Tristán: Pioneer Feminist and Socialist
6 Black Slavery Under the Empire
7 The Antislavery Impulse
8 On Racial Miscegenation in Brazil

4 Modernity and the Emergence of the Nation-State
1 Political Stability and Economic Development
2 Buenos Aires: First Impressions
3 A Different Model of Economic Development: A New Program in Chile
4 On the Power of Science
5 Porfirio Diaz Assesses His Legacy
6 A Popular Perspective on Modernity
7 The Victory of the Abolitionist Cause
8 Carioca Belle Epoque
9 Our America
10 Socialist Perspectives

Part Three: Consolidating the Nation – State
5 The Rise of Mass Politics and Culture
1 For Land and Liberty
2 A Revolutionary Constitution
3 The Indian Problem
4 What is APRA?
5 Cárdenas Speaks
6 Sunday in Mexico City
7 On the Protection of the Brazilian Worker
8 Mulatto Football
9 Perón Appeals to the People
10 Eva Perón: On Women’s Right to Vote
11 Letter to President Perón
12 Of Man, Woman, and Time

6 Revolution, Democracy, and Dictatorship
1 The New Latifundio
2 Economic Dependency
3 “History Will Absolve Me”
4 Castro Defines the Theory of the Cuban Revolution
5 Advice for the Urban Guerrilla
6 Prelude to Dictatorship
7 The Death of Victor Jara
8 The Economic Underpinnings of the Dictatorship
9 Open Letter to the Military Junta
10 Mothers of the Disappeared
11 The Church in the Nicaraguan Revolution

7 Democracy, Civil War, and Neoliberalism
1 The Era of Neoliberalism
2 Death of the “Mexican Economic Miracle”
3 Citizens Talk about the Police
4 Massacre in El Mozote
5 A Maoist People’s War, According to Abimael Guzmán
6 Drugs and Civil Conflict
7 On the Role of Civil Society

Part Four: Challenges to the Nation-State
8 Globalization and its Discontents
1 Lula Speaks Out
2 Communiqué from Subcomandante Marcos
3 The Three Lefts of Latin America
4 The New Populism
5 Challenging the Nation-State
6 Against pro-Indian “racism”
7 Drug War in Mexico
8 Sex and Revolution
9 Sexual Rights in Brazil

9 The Two Americas
1 The Monroe Doctrine
2 The United States as Model
3 On the Uniqueness of Latin American Spirit
4 The White Man’s Burden
5 Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
6 To Roosevelt
7 Mexico’s President Looks North
8 National Security
9 Operation Guatemala
10 Dissent Within the Ranks
11 Covert Operations
12 An International Response to a Hemispheric Problem
13 The Devil in the White House

Keen’s Latin American Civilization: The Modern Era offers one of the most wide-ranging and up-to-date introductions to the field. All the classic primary sources are still here. But the new edition is also full of wonderful surprises that broaden our perspective on the region’s rich history. The variety of historical genres, time periods, and countries (including the United States) covered in this volume is impressive, and the editors’ concise introductions skillfully orient the reader.” —Eduardo Elena, University of Miami

“This edition should be appealing to both teachers and students. It includes a more comprehensive selection of readings representing various ideological positions while maintaining the accessible reading style that characterized the original version.” —Donna Guy, Ohio State University

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