Keen’s Latin American Civilization, 2-Volume Set

A Primary Source Reader


Robert M. Buffington, Lila Caimari

Tenth Edition • July 28, 2015 • 707 pages


Print ISBN: 9780813348933 • $75.00 USD$67.50 CAN

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The tenth edition of Keen’s Latin American Civilization inaugurates a new era in the history of this classic anthology by dividing it into two volumes. This first volume retains most of the colonial period sources from the ninth edition but with some significant additions, including new sets of images representing Brazilian cannibals and “casta paintings” of mixed race families, an alternative conquest narrative, and five new readings on imperial governance, gender, and sexuality—including selections from the autobiography of a Spanish nun who took on a male persona to fight as a soldier in the American colonies. The 88 excerpts in Volume One provide foundational and riveting first-hand accounts of life in colonial Latin America.

The second volume retains most of the modern period sources from the ninth edition but with some significant additions including nine new readings on popular culture, ideologies of modernization, revolution and dictatorship, as well as new sources that reflect the latest events and trends. The 84 excerpts in Volume Two provide foundational and often riveting first-hand accounts of life in modern Latin America. Concise introductions for chapters and excerpts provide essential context for understanding the primary sources in both Volume One and Volume Two.


Robert M. Buffington is a professor in the Women and Gender Studies Program at the University of Colorado Boulder.

Lila Caimari is a researcher at CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas) in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

KEEN’S LATIN AMERICAN CIVILIZATION, A PRIMARY SOURCE READER

Volume One: The Colonial Era
Preface

Part One: Indian and Hispanic Origins
1 Ancient America on the Eve of Conquest
1 Aztec Warfare
2 The Halls of Moctezuma
3 Aztec Industry and Commerce
4 The Condition of Aztec Agricultural Workers
5 An Aztec Mother Advises Her Daughter
6 Mayan Industry, Commerce, and Agriculture
7 The Mayan Social Order
8 Mayan Religious Life
9 Mayan Origin Myth
10 How the Inca Formed a Nation
11 The Village Basis of Incan Society
12 Two Views of the Incan Empire

2 Hispanic Society on the Eve of the Conquest
1 The Catholic Sovereigns
2 The Spanish Inquisition
3 The Spanish Character
4 Columbus Sets the Stage
5 The Portrait of the Conqueror
6 Men’s Honor and Women’s Shame
7 Devotion to God

Part Two: Conquest and Colonization
3 Conquest
1 October 12, 1492
2 The Discovery of the Pacific
3 The Meeting of Cortés and Moctezuma
4 Twilight over Tenochtitlán
5 Rendezvous at Cajamarca
6 How the New Laws Were Received in Peru
7 The Man Who Would Be King
8 Advice to a Would-Be Conqueror
9 Lope de Aguirre: Disillusioned Warrior
10 Journey’s End
11 War and Cannibalism Among the Brazilian Indians
12 On Cannibals, Curious Customs, and Conflict
13 Living with the Enemy

4 Colonization
1 The Strange Sermon of Fr. Montesinos
2 The Laughter of Dr. Palacios Rubios
3 Bartolomé de las Casas: God’s Angry Man
4 All Humankind Is One
5 The Portuguese Colonizer
6 The Slave Hunters
7 Aimoré: Word of Terror
8 Indian Forced Labor in Guatemala
9 Debt Peonage in Peru
10 Dialogue in Yucatán
11 Guaman Poma Assesses the Conquest

Part Three: The Colonial Political Economy
5 The Colonial Economy
1 The Indian Agricultural Heritage
2 Spain’s Contributions to New World Agriculture
3 The Potosí Mine
4 The Colonial Factory
5 On the Sea-Road to the Indies
6 The Great Fair at Portobello
7 A Foreign View of the Spanish Commercial System
8 The Rise and Fall of Villa Rica

6 Colonial Political and Religious Institutions
1 The New Laws
2 “These Laws Are Obeyed and Not Enforced”
3 Colonial Pomp and Circumstance
4 “I Have Seen Corruption Boil and Bubble . . . ”
5 The Corregidor: Enemy of the People
6 City Government in the Spanish Indies
7 The Jesuit Indian Policy
8 The Administration of Colonial Brazil
9 Local Government: The Capitão-Môr

Part Four: Colonial Society and Culture
7 Colonial Society
1 The Colonial City: Mexico City
2 The Mestizo: Seed of Tomorrow
3 The Indian Town
4 The Structure of Class and Caste
5 Racial Anxieties
6 The World of the Sugar Plantation
7 The Free Population
8 The Social Consequences of Slavery

8 Colonial Culture
1 The Colonial University
2 The Tenth Muse
3 On the Foolishness of Men
4 Gender Trouble
5 Gaucho Entertainment
6 Indians and the Environment
7 Sexual and Racial Politics

Part Five: Late Colonial Developments
9 The Bourbon Reforms
1 The Bourbon Commercial Reforms
2 The Revival of Mining
3 The New Experimental Sciences and Catholic Education
4 Colonial Industry in Decline
5 Political Reform: The Intendant System
6 The More Things Change . . .

10 Winds of Change
1 Colonial Journalism in Action
2 A Colonial Freethinker
3 A Plan for Democratic Education
4 The Plan of Tupac Amaru
5 A Heroine of the Tupac Amaru Revolt
6 A Charter of Liberty
7 Brazilian Slaves Resist

Volume Two: The Modern Era

Preface

Part One: Independence and Its Aftermath
1 The Struggle for Independence
1 The Forging of a Rebel
2 A Question of Leadership
3 Man of Destiny
4 The Romance of Independence
5 Liberal Revolution in Mexico
6 The Plan of Iguala
7 A Letter to Dom Pedro
8 Memories of Independence: The Sins of the Father
9 Memories of Independence: The Self-Effacing Leader

2 Searching for a New Road
1 The Fatal Legacy
2 In Defense of Spain
3 Bolívar’s Ideal Republic
4 The Age of Violence
5 Civilization and Barbarism: Facundo Quiroga
6 Civilization and Barbarism: The Dangerous Classes
7 Mexico City Under Santa Anna
8 Dom Pedro II: A Political Portrait

Part Two: Constructing the Nation-State
3 Real and Imagined Communities
1 Roads to the Future
2 The Guano Boom
3 Liberal Family Values
4 A Mexican Radical
5 Flora Tristán: Pioneer Feminist and Socialist
6 Black Slavery Under the Empire
7 The Antislavery Impulse
8 On Racial Miscegenation in Brazil

4 Modernity and the Emergence of the Nation-State
1 Political Stability and Economic Development
2 Buenos Aires: First Impressions
3 A Different Model of Economic Development: A New Program in Chile
4 On the Power of Science
5 Porfirio Diaz Assesses His Legacy
6 A Popular Perspective on Modernity
7 The Victory of the Abolitionist Cause
8 Carioca Belle Epoque
9 Our America
10 Socialist Perspectives

Part Three: Consolidating the Nation – State
5 The Rise of Mass Politics and Culture
1 For Land and Liberty
2 A Revolutionary Constitution
3 The Indian Problem
4 What is APRA?
5 Cárdenas Speaks
6 Sunday in Mexico City
7 On the Protection of the Brazilian Worker
8 Mulatto Football
9 Perón Appeals to the People
10 Eva Perón: On Women’s Right to Vote
11 Letter to President Perón
12 Of Man, Woman, and Time

6 Revolution, Democracy, and Dictatorship
1 The New Latifundio
2 Economic Dependency
3 “History Will Absolve Me”
4 Castro Defines the Theory of the Cuban Revolution
5 Advice for the Urban Guerrilla
6 Prelude to Dictatorship
7 The Death of Victor Jara
8 The Economic Underpinnings of the Dictatorship
9 Open Letter to the Military Junta
10 Mothers of the Disappeared
11 The Church in the Nicaraguan Revolution

7 Democracy, Civil War, and Neoliberalism
1 The Era of Neoliberalism
2 Death of the “Mexican Economic Miracle”
3 Citizens Talk about the Police
4 Massacre in El Mozote
5 A Maoist People’s War, According to Abimael Guzmán
6 Drugs and Civil Conflict
7 On the Role of Civil Society

Part Four: Challenges to the Nation-State
8 Globalization and its Discontents
1 Lula Speaks Out
2 Communiqué from Subcomandante Marcos
3 The Three Lefts of Latin America
4 The New Populism
5 Challenging the Nation-State
6 Against pro-Indian “racism”
7 Drug War in Mexico
8 Sex and Revolution
9 Sexual Rights in Brazil

9 The Two Americas
1 The Monroe Doctrine
2 The United States as Model
3 On the Uniqueness of Latin American Spirit
4 The White Man’s Burden
5 Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
6 To Roosevelt
7 Mexico’s President Looks North
8 National Security
9 Operation Guatemala
10 Dissent Within the Ranks
11 Covert Operations
12 An International Response to a Hemispheric Problem
13 The Devil in the White House

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